Climate change has negatively affected the basic needs of the people including clean air, water, nutritious food and shelter. Although individuals have different access to these necessities, everyone is slow to respond to the effects of climate change. In particular, climate change affects people based on their place of residence, age, health, income and occupation. It also affects the health of most pregnant women and babies.
Climate change causes air quality to decline and the earth’s temperature to rise. It also causes unnatural changes in the weather. Moreover, the burning of tarantulas in the forest increases the amount of smoke and dust in the air and spreads pollution. Air pollution can cause respiratory problems in pregnant women and the risk of low birth weight and premature birth. The health of a low birth weight baby is affected for a long time. Similarly, babies born before the age of one month face many health problems.
Pregnant women are at greater risk due to climate change, floods, droughts, and fires. Children and pregnant women in particular suffer greatly during natural disasters. During natural disasters due to climate change, there is a possibility of diarrhea, measles, mumps, cholera, typhoid due to poor quality food, malnutrition, contaminated food and water. The extreme heat caused by climate change also increases the risk of dehydration and kidney failure in pregnant women.
Temporary habitat, migration, toxins (fungi) and fungi can cause more hazards to pregnant women who are about to give birth, as they are about to give birth due to wind, rain and floods caused by climate change.
At the United Nations Climate Change Conference held in Glasgow, UK last November, it was stated that women (pregnant women) are at higher risk due to climate change. The conference concluded that the world’s poorest women, especially those dependent on natural resources, are at risk of heart, respiratory and mental stress as global temperatures and smoke rise.
A network review published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 2020, after a study of 35 million people, concluded that air pollution and rising temperatures, along with climate change, had a negative effect on pregnancy. For the first time, U.S. researchers have found a link between air pollution and pregnant women (including stillbirths, low birth weight babies and premature babies). As fine particles of air pollution reach the lungs of pregnant women, they are at increased risk for diabetes and high blood pressure.
Although the issue of climate change is raised vigorously from time to time in special days, assemblies and conferences, all of them become obsolete in the long run. In the United States, black and indigenous pregnant women are forced to die two to three times more than the white community in climate change. Even more tragic is the fact that the effects of climate change are making animals more vulnerable than pregnant women.
A 2020 Howard study found a link between high temperatures and gestational diabetes. Similarly, a study by the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology has shown a direct link between high temperatures and unexpected pregnancy results.
Problem solving measures
Arrangements should be made to regularly measure the amount of air pollution in urban areas. It is better not to do physical exercise, morning walk in places where there is high traffic jam, roads and highways and more air pollution. There should be an environment to reduce dust, smoke and smoke inside and outside the house. Don’t go near smokers. Cooking should be done in smokeless stove, gas, solar, garbage gas rather than wood. There should be good ventilation in the kitchen.
An air filter can be arranged in the house by keeping the windows and doors well closed. Emphasis should be placed on tree planting. Walking, bicycles, public transport should be promoted. The three R’s (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) should be promoted. There should be a policy to promote reusable plans and plans based on alternative energy. Participate in raising awareness about climate change.