Let’s know about the causes of heart attack and how to avoid it


A heart attack is a sudden attack on the heart. The targets for heart attack also start suddenly. Pain or burning sensation in the middle or left side of the chest, feeling of pressure in the chest or chest pain happened in heart attack.

A heart attack occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is severely reduced or blocked. The blockage is usually due to a buildup of fat, cholesterol and other substances in the heart (coronary) arteries. The fatty, cholesterol-containing deposits are called plaques. The process of plaque buildup is called atherosclerosis.

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Along with these symptoms, if you have sweating, nausea, vomiting, fear, palpitations, heart palpitations, ringing, there is a higher chance of a heart attack. If you see these symptoms, you should go to the hospital immediately. If any of the reasons below apply to you, you are at risk of heart attack.

8 Reasons for Heart Attack:

High Cholesterol:

High cholesterol increases the risk of heart attack by 3 times. The higher the cholesterol level in the blood, the greater the risk of heart attack. High cholesterol and smoking are considered to be the main causes of heart attacks in young people.


Smoking increases the risk of heart attack by 2 to 4 times. The more you smoke, the more likely you are to have a heart attack. Smoking is considered extremely dangerous for people with diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

High blood pressure:

People with high blood pressure are 2 times more likely to have a heart attack.


People with diabetes are 2 to 3 times more likely to have a heart attack. If you have diabetes for a long time, the chances of a heart attack are even higher. People with diabetes are more likely to have a heart attack if their blood pressure and cholesterol are not controlled.


People who are obese and have a big stomach are more likely to have a heart attack.


If someone in the family has had a heart attack (under 45 for men and 55 for women), other members are more likely to have a heart attack.

Excessive alcohol consumption:

People who regularly drink too much alcohol and drink too much at one time are also more likely to have a heart attack.

Mental stress:

People with mental stress or depression are also prone to heart attack.

15 Ways to Avoid Heart Attack:

1. Body weight control.

2. In general, consuming too much salt is considered bad because it can lead to high blood pressure. Therefore, the amount of salt in the food should be controlled. But in the case of excessive sugar consumption and bad types or high glycemic index, carbohydrates should also be controlled.

3. Using monounsaturated fats instead of saturated fats and trans fats. Residents of the Mediterranean region who regularly consume olive oil with salads have a lower incidence of heart attacks and other heart problems. Use good quality extra virgin olive oil.

4. Eat fish at least three times a week. People suffering from heart disease should consume fish oil capsules regularly. Naturally occurring oily fish and fish oil are sources of omega-3 fatty acids.

5. Olive oil is a source of omega 3 fatty acids. But mainly vegetable oil contains omega 6 fatty acids which increase internal inflammation in the body and cause heart attacks and other chronic diseases. Omega 3 increases the amount of good cholesterol HDL cholesterol. Therefore, eat foods rich in Omega 3 fatty acids regularly and control the amount of Omega 6.

6. Control stress because stress increases internal inflammation. Science has also confirmed that people who meditate regularly can live longer.

7. Taking vitamin supplements and antioxidant vitamins such as beta carotene, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E etc. Also, coenzyme Q10, selenium etc. also prevent heart attacks.

8. Do light exercise for half an hour to forty-five minutes daily. Light exercise increases good cholesterol and improves insulin sensitivity. Similarly, it controls type 2 diabetes and improves mental health.

9. One drink of red wine a day for women and up to two drinks for men can increase HDL and thin the blood, reducing the risk of heart attacks. However, excessive drinking can lead to heart problems such as high blood pressure and dilated cardiomyopathy. Therefore, while drinking less wine is beneficial, excessive consumption is more harmful.

10. All kinds of fruits including dark green vegetables, broccoli, parsley, rajma, legumes, soy, tofu should be eaten at least three to four times a day. Increase the amount of fiber in food, it controls cholesterol.

11. Use of 2/3 cloves of garlic raw or fried in light oil controls triglycerides. Consult your doctor if you already take blood thinners because garlic thins the blood.

12. Control the intake of carbohydrates and increase the amount of protein and mineral rich dark green vegetables and fruits in the diet.

13. If you are suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes, go to the doctor from time to time and get advice and suggestions.

14. Eating only a vegetarian diet reduces the risk of heart attacks.

15. Increasing the amount of homocysteine ​​in the body also increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. This problem is either congenital or seen in vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 deficiency. So it should be treated or prevented.

ALSO READ THIS: Reduce Stress For A Healthier Heart


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